%0 Journal Article
%J Journal of the Royal Statistical Society -- Series B.
%D 2017
%T Regionalization of Multiscale Spatial Processes using a Criterion for Spatial Aggregation Error
%A Bradley, J.R.
%A Wikle, C.K.
%A Holan, S.H.
%K American Community Survey
%K empirical orthogonal functions
%K MAUP
%K Reduced rank
%K Spatial basis functions
%K Survey data
%X The modifiable areal unit problem and the ecological fallacy are known problems that occur when modeling multiscale spatial processes. We investigate how these forms of spatial aggregation error can guide a regionalization over a spatial domain of interest. By "regionalization" we mean a specification of geographies that define the spatial support for areal data. This topic has been studied vigorously by geographers, but has been given less attention by spatial statisticians. Thus, we propose a criterion for spatial aggregation error (CAGE), which we minimize to obtain an optimal regionalization. To define CAGE we draw a connection between spatial aggregation error and a new multiscale representation of the Karhunen-Loeve (K-L) expansion. This relationship between CAGE and the multiscale K-L expansion leads to illuminating theoretical developments including: connections between spatial aggregation error, squared prediction error, spatial variance, and a novel extension of Obled-Creutin eigenfunctions. The effectiveness of our approach is demonstrated through an analysis of two datasets, one using the American Community Survey and one related to environmental ocean winds.
%B Journal of the Royal Statistical Society -- Series B.
%G eng
%U https://arxiv.org/abs/1502.01974